Conservation of coastal wetlands

  • Document:
    Market of Rights
    Plans and programs:
    Municipality of Ensenada
    Baja California Wetlands
 Photography: Enrique Fuentes

Territorial planning

One of the factors that have influenced in the lack of success of the implementation of the instruments of Territorial Planning is that, in practice, urban development is governed more by economic stimuli than by regulatory instruments. Urban development programs, regulatory plans and land use plans commonly present this problem, and despite being recognized legal instruments, in many cases, are not respected because the strength of economic stimuli defines the uses of the territory even above the legal orders. This situation gives rise to the exploration of other types of management instruments that take advantage of and channel the economic stimulus to the achievement of the objectives of environmentally responsible development and of a more sustainable character.


This study aims to analyze the prefeasibility of the implementation of a Transferable Development Rights Program to encourage the spatial location of development in a way that satisfies the demand for urban development while simultaneously promoting the conservation of coastal wetland zones, and in general, of the natural heritage in the municipality of Ensenada.


The study was delivered to the Municipality in a meeting of Cabildo in which members not only of the Cabildo participated, but also from the Secretariat of Urban Administration, the Secretariat of Environmental Protection of the State, as well as IMIP staff. This resulted in the fact that this instrument was included in the update of the Urban Development Program of the Population Center 2030, which was pending only in the case of termination of the Land Use Regulations, so that it can be used.